Residential/Housing Options And Supports

Adult Residential Care Home
     a. Residential homes or facilities that offer personal care and individual attention for:
          i. Older adults
          ii. People with disabilities
          iii. Other populations whose limitations prevent them from living alone.
     b. Adult residential care homes (which are also known as board and care homes, residential board and care homes, personal care homes or residential care facilities for the elderly) generally provide a room (which may be shared), meals and supervision; and may specialize in populations with specific needs such as people with Alzheimer's disease or those with developmental disabilities.
     c. Services vary from facility to facility but may include:
          i. Dietary and housekeeping services
          ii. Monitoring of prescription medication
          iii. Social and recreational opportunities
          iv. Incontinence care
          v. Assistance with toileting, bathing, grooming, dressing, mobility and other activities of daily living.
     d. Some homes provide secured surroundings for confused elderly adults who may wander while others are unable to accept individuals who are incontinent or who have severe problems with memory loss.
     e. There is considerable variation among these homes in terms of size, resident mix, daily charges and services. Most but not all adult residential care homes or facilities are licensed by the state/province in which they are located.

Assisted Living Facilities
     a. Residential facilities specially constructed or converted to combine housing and supportive services in a "homelike" environment with the goal of maximizing the individual functioning and autonomy of residents.
     b. Assisted living facilities generally have private apartment-style accommodations with walk in showers, wide doors for wheelchair access, emergency pull cord systems and other special amenities; and offer the individualized array of personal care services which will allow each resident to function as independently as possible.
     c. Services vary from facility to facility, but usually include:
          i. Three meals a day with special diets, as required
          ii. Housekeeping and linen services
          iii. Personal laundry
          iv. Social and recreational activities
          v. Transportation to medical appointments, stores, and community services
          vi. Money management assistance
          vii. Assistance with toileting, bathing, grooming, dressing, mobility and other activities of daily living
          viii. Medication management and administration
          ix. Therapy and pharmacy services
          x. Wellness and exercise programs.
     d. Assisted living facilities may be licensed by the state/province or may not require a license depending on the area in which they are located.

Congregate Living Facilities
     a. Retirement hotels, inns, boarding homes and other similar residential facilities where low-income older adults and/or people with disabilities can live independently on their own, usually in one building, share common areas, social activities and amenities and have most meals in a communal dining area.
     b. Most of the residences feature a mix of studio, one and two-bedroom apartment style accommodations, rented on a monthly basis, with interior corridors, elevators, small kitchenettes and emergency intercoms or pull cord systems as a safety feature. There may also be special wheelchair access rooms or other amenities designed to make it easier for elderly residents to reside comfortably and safely in their apartments.
     c. Housekeeping, social activities, and transportation services may be included and laundry services may be available for an additional fee.
     d. Residents pay no entry fees, make no long term financial commitments (other than the usual cleaning and security deposits) and may leave whenever they choose.

Low Income/Subsidized Rental Housing
     a. Government housing programs that make rental housing more readily available to homeless people and/or low-income individuals and families (for example, in the U.S., those below 50% of the area's median income).
     b. Some complexes or housing units may be reserved for low-income older adults, people with disabilities and/or other special populations.

Utility Payment Assistance
     a. Programs that provide financial assistance for people who are at risk for having their utilities shut off and who meet age, income, disability, need or other requirements; or which offer special services which support people's ability to make their payments.

Weatherization Programs
     a. Programs that provide assistance in the form of labor and supplies to help people who qualify for the service on the basis of income, age or disability to improve the energy efficiency of their homes and protect them from the elements.
     b. The program provides:
          i. Ceiling insulation
          ii. Attic venting
          iii. Double glazed windows
          iv. Weather-stripping
          v. Minor housing envelope repairs
          vi. Low-flow showerheads
          vii. Evaporative cooler vent covers
          viii. Water heater blankets
          ix. Pipe wrap, duct wrap, switch and outlet gaskets
          x. Caulking, and other related energy conservation measures.